9 Aug 2013, 8:38am
Vietnamese language:
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  • “Chết”

    As you known, the way of using words in Vietnam is very rich, meaningful. To indicate one thing they can express it by many ways. Or one word can be used in many situations and each has their own meanings.

    Typically, I give you the word “chết” for example. The word “chết” in Vietnamese does not only express the normal death of someone or of a certain kind of animal, but it also has many different meanings which could make learners using it confused.

    For instance:

    Ông ấy chết rồi.  (He died.)

    Con chó nhà tôi mới chết. (My dog has jurt died.)

    Thôi chết rồi!, chết tôi rồi!,…

    (Used in a exclamation sentence to directly express the speaker’s feelings, such as “Oh my God” in English)

    Đập chết nó đi!

    (It means beating someone or an animal to death, but can also mean hitting someone for what they have done, etc …)

    Chết mày chưa!

    (Used to indicate that someone deserves what they get for doing something wrong)

    Chết tiệt!

    (An exclamation sentence used to express one’s anger)

    Vợ mày mà biết mày ngoại tình là chết.

    The word “chết” here does not mean his wife is going to kill him, but she can get furious and mess it up or even divorce.

    Now we will expand a little about the expression of the word “chết” of Vietnamese.

    To mean somebody who has died we can say:

    Informal:

    Ông ấy chết rồi.

    Ông ấy tiêu rồi.

    Ông ấy toi rồi.

    Ông ấy đi rồi.

    Formal:

    Ông ấy qua đời rồi.

    Ông ấy đã về với ông bà rồi.

    Ông ấy yên nghỉ rồi.

    Ông ấy xuống suối vàng rồi.

    Irony:

    Ông ấy đi bán muối rồi.

    Ông ấy đi gặp thần chết rồi.

    Ông ấy xuống địa ngục rồi.

    Ông ấy thăng thiên rồi.

    Ông ấy lên bàn thờ ngồi rồi.

    And so forth…

    All the above sentences have the same meaning.

    You see, just a sense with a dozens of expressions, or a word with many meanings, every language has its own characteristics, and this is Vietnamese’s. Explore more to be a fluent Vietnamese speaker.

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